Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules In Hindi

English Grammar में Voice (वाच्य) के दो प्रकार होते हैं, जिसमें पहला Active Voice (कर्तृवाच्य) एवं दूसरा Passive Voice (कर्तृवाच्य) होता है।

Active Voice (कर्तृवाच्य) के वाक्यों को Passive Voice (कर्मवाच्य) में बदलने के लिए कुछ नियम होते हैं, आज हम उन्हीं नियमों को इस लेख के माध्यम से जानेंगे। यदि आप Active Voice (कर्तृवाच्य) एवं ‌Passive Voice (कर्मवाच्य) की संपूर्ण जानकारी प्राप्त करना चाहते हैं, तो आप इस लेख को अंत तक अवश्य पढ़ें।

Active Voice And Passive Voice In Hindi

Active Voice: वह वाच्य जिसमें कार्य संपन्न करने वाला कर्ता होता है, उसे Active Voice कहते हैं। जैसे — He writes a story (मैं एक पत्र लिखता है।), I am eating food. (मैं खाना खा रहा हूँ), You have done this work. (तुम यह काम कर चुके हो), इत्यादि।

Passive Voice: वह वाच्य जिसमें वाक्य का करता कार्य का परिणाम पानी वाला हो, उसे Passive Voice कहते हैं। जैसे — Letter is written by him. (पत्र उसके द्वारा लिखा जाता है।), Food is being eaten by me. (खाना मेरे द्वारा खाया जा रहा है),‌ This work has been done by you. (यह काम तुम्हारे द्वारा किया गया है), इत्यादि।

Active Voice and Passive Voice Rules In Hindi

Active Voice से Passive Voice का बनाने का Rules निम्नलिखित है,‌ आप प्रत्येक Rules को पढ़ें और इन्हें समझने का प्रयास करें।

Note: Active Voice का Object‌ Passive Voice का Subject बनता है, तथा Active Voice का Subject Passive Voice का Object बनता है।

1. जब Active Voice का‌ वाक्य Present Indefinite Tense का यानी जब Active Voice वाक्य का Structure — (Subject + Verb¹ / Verb⁵ + Object) होता है, तो इसे Passive Voice में बदलने के लिए Structure — (Subject + Is / Am / Are + Verb³ + By + Object) का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
They help farmers. Farmers are helped by them.
You scold the children. Children are scolded by you.
He teaches us Mathematics. Mathematics is taught by him.

2. जब Active Voice का‌ वाक्य Present Continuous Tense का यानी जब Active Voice वाक्य का Structure — (Subject + Is / Am / Are + Verb⁴ + Object) होता है, तो इसे Passive Voice में बदलने के लिए Structure — (Subject + Is / Am / Are + Being + Verb³ + By + Object) का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
They are answering the questions. Questions are being answered by them.
Our science teacher is teaching us physics. Physics is being taught by our science teacher.
Moti is helping me. I am being helped by Moti.

3. जब Active Voice का‌ वाक्य Present Perfect Tense का यानी जब Active Voice वाक्य का Structure — (Subject + Has / Have + Verb³ + Object) होता है, तो इसे Passive Voice में बदलने के लिए Structure — (Subject + Has / Have + Been + Verb³ + By + Object) का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
I have paid my school fees. My school fees had been paid by me.
The fire has burnt the house. The house has been burnt by the fire.
Sumit has kicked the ball. The ball has been kicked by Sumit.

4. जब Active Voice का‌ वाक्य Present Perfect Continuous Tense का यानी जब Active Voice वाक्य का Structure — (Subject + Has / Have + Been + Verb⁴ + Other Word + Since / For + Time) होता है, तो इसे Passive Voice में बदलने के लिए Structure — (Subject + Has / Have + Been + Being + Verb³ + By + Object + Since /For + Time) का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
They have been doing work since work. Work has been being done by them since morning.
Sarita has been cooking food. Food has beeb being cooked by Sarita.
Children have been studying Science in the classroom for ten minutes. Science has been being studied in the classroom by students for ten minutes.

5. जब Active Voice का‌ वाक्य Past Indefinite Tense का यानी जब Active Voice वाक्य का Structure — (Subject + Verb² + Object) होता है, तो इसे Passive Voice में बदलने के लिए Structure — (Subject + Was / Were + Verb³ + By + Object) का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
She wrote a poem. A poem was written by her.
The teacher punished the students. The students were punished by the teacher.
God created the world. The world was created by the God.

6. जब Active Voice का‌ वाक्य Past Continuous Tense का यानी जब Active Voice वाक्य का Structure — (Subject + Was / Were + Verb⁴ + Object) होता है, तो इसे Passive Voice में बदलने के लिए Structure — (Subject + Was / Were + Being + Verb³ + By + Object) का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
He was reading a story. A story was being read by him.
The washerman was washing the clothes. Cloths were being washed by the washerman.
The police was chasing the thieves. The thieves were being chased by the police.

7. जब Active Voice का‌ वाक्य Past Perfect Tense का यानी जब Active Voice वाक्य का Structure — (Subject + Had + Verb³ + Object) होता है, तो इसे Passive Voice में बदलने के लिए Structure — (Subject + Had + Been + Verb³ + By + Object) का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
You had torn this book. This book had been torn by you.
I had forgotten your name. Your name had been forgotten by me.
Raj had stolen my pen. My pen had been stolen by Raj.

8. जब Active Voice का‌ वाक्य Past Perfect Continuous Tense का यानी जब Active Voice वाक्य का Structure — (Subject + Had + Been + Verb⁴ + Object + Since / For + Time) होता है, तो इसे Passive Voice में बदलने के लिए Structure — (Subject + Had + Been + Being + Verb³ + By + Object + Since / For + Time) का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
You had been cooking food for an hour. Food had been being cooked by you for an hour.
She had been solving Mathematics. Mathematics had been being solved by her.
They had been listing the music singe 4 o'clock. The music had been being listed by them since 4 o'clock.

9. जब Active Voice का‌ वाक्य Simple Future Tense का यानी जब Active Voice वाक्य का Structure — (Subject + Shall / Will + Verb¹ + Object) होता है, तो इसे Passive Voice में बदलने के लिए Structure — (Subject + Shall / Will + Be + Verb³ + By + Object) का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
I shall help you. You will be helped by me.
She will teach us. We shall be taught by her.
They will cook food. Food will be cooked by them.

10. जब Active Voice का‌ वाक्य Future Continuous Tense का यानी जब Active Voice वाक्य का Structure — (Subject + Shall / Will + Be + Verb⁴ + Object) होता है, तो इसे Passive Voice में बदलने के लिए Structure — (Subject + Shall / Will + Be + Being + Verb³ + By + Object) का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
I shall be taking tea. Tea will be being taken by me.
They will be doing exercise. Exercise will be being done by them.
You will be speaking English. English will be being spoken by you.

11. जब Active Voice का‌ वाक्य Future Perfect Tense का यानी जब Active Voice वाक्य का Structure — (Subject + Shall / Will + Have + Verb³ + Object) होता है, तो इसे Passive Voice में बदलने के लिए Structure — (Subject + Shall / Will + Have + Been + Verb³ + By + Object) का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
I shall have written a book. A book will have been written by me.
She will have informed us. We shall have been informed by her.
They Will have forgotten us. We will have been forgotten by them.

12. जब Active Voice का‌ वाक्य Future Perfect Continuous Tense का यानी जब Active Voice वाक्य का Structure — (Subject + Shall / Will + Have + Been + Verb⁴ + Object + Since / For + Time) होता है, तो इसे Passive Voice में बदलने के लिए Structure — (Subject + Shall / Will + Have + Been + Being + Verb³ + By + Object + From / For + Time) का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Examples:

Active Voice Passive Voice
She will have been memorizing the chapter. The chapter will have been being memorized by her.
We shall have been building the fort for five years. The fort will have been being built by us for five years.
You will have been reading a book. A book will have been being read by you.

Active Voice से Passive Voice बनाने के लिए 30 से अधिक Rules होते हैं, इस लेख में हमने केवल 12 Rules को ही लिखा है, जो Tense के 12 प्रकार है।‌ यदि आप चाहते हैं कि इस लेख में Active Voice से Passive Voice बाकी बचे अन्य नियमों को भी जोड़ा जाए, तो नीचे कमेंट करके अवश्य बताएं।

Active Voice And Passive Voice In Hindi

Active Voice एवं Passive Voice के बारे में दी गई उपर्युक्त जानकारियां पढ़ने के बाद आपको इस बात का ज्ञान हो चुका होगा कि Active Voice को‌ Passive Voice मैं कैसे बनते हैं, यदि आपके पास इस लेख से संबंधी कोई प्रश्न हो तो नीचे कमेंट करके अवश्य पूछे, हम जल्द से जल्द आपके प्रश्न का उत्तर देने का प्रयास करेंगे।

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