Sentence In Hindi + Types, Definition & Examples

Sentence इंग्लिश ग्रामर का एक मुख्य पाठ है, यदि आप Sentence के बारे में संपूर्ण जानकारी प्राप्त करना चाहते हैं, तो इस लेख को आपन तक अवश्य पढ़ें और Types Of Sentence की जानकारी प्राप्त करें।

Sentence In Hindi

Words यानी शब्दों का समूह जो निश्चित रूप से क्रम में लिखा रहता और संपूर्ण अर्थ प्रकट करने का कार्य करता है, उन्हें Sentence कहते हैं।

नोट: दो या दो से अधिक Words (शब्दों) को मिलकर एक Sentence (वाक्य) का निर्माण होता है।

Examples:

She cooks food.
I was eating mango.
They have done this.
Sohan has been gone there.
They went there.
She was cheating me.
You had done this.
We had been exercising.
They will come tomorrow.
Rohan will be opening the door.
I Shall have helped them.
They will have been crying.
What does she do?
Where are they going?
Have they come to school?
Has she been cooking food?
Did they eat food?
Why were they going there?
When had they said?
Had they been ploughing?
Will they help us?
Shall I be walking?
Why shall have they gone?
Will Sita have been dancing?
Don't go anywhere outside the home.
Please do open the door.
Take your own sit.
Bring a cup if tea.
Take medicine on time.
Please help me.
May you live a long life!
May she fail in the examination!
God shave the king!
May your all dreams come true!
May long live our friendship.
Well done! Getta, you have it.
Alas! I kiled a bird.
What a beautiful girl!
How dark the night is!
Wow! It's really beautiful.

उपर्युक्त सभी उदाहरण Sentence है, क्योंकि यह सभी उदाहरण दो या दो से अधिक शब्दों को मिलकर बना है, और इनसे अर्थ भी परकट हो रहा है।

नोट: Imperative Sentence की स्थिती में एक शब्द का Sentence भी हो सकता है।

Examples:

Go. जाओ।
Come. आओ।
Dance. नाचो।
Do. करो।
Speak. बोलो।

Types Of Sentence

Sentence के मुख्यत: पांच प्रकार होते है।

Assertive Sentence
Interrogative Sentence
Imperative Sentence
Optative Sentence
Exclamatory Sentence

Assertive Sentence

वैसे Sentence जो किसी कथन (Statement) को व्यक्त करने का कार्य करता है, उसे Assertive Sentence कहते है।

नोट: Assertive Sentence में Subject पहले आता है, उसके बाद Verb और फिर Other Word आता है; इन Sentences (वाक्यों) के अंत में Full Stop (विराम चिन्ह) “.” उपस्थित रहता है।

Examples:

They do work.
She is writing a poem.
We have cooked food.
He has been teaching them.
Rohan closed the door.
Sita and Geeta were asking as question.
They had recieved the letter.
You had been selling clothes.
I will be an engineer.
She will be speaking English.
They shall have sold them.
We will have been cooking food.

Interrogative Sentence

वैसे Sentence जिसकी सहायता से कोई Question (प्रश्न) पूछा जाता है, उसे Assertive Sentence कहते है।

नोट: Interrogative Sentence का शुरुआत WH Word (Why, What, When, Who, How, Where, आदि) या Auxiliary Verb (Do, Does, Did, Will, Shall, Is, Am, Are, आदि) से होता है, और इनके अंत में Question Mark “.” मौजूद रहता है।

Examples:

Does she take tea?
When are they coming?
Have they gone there?
Has she been dancing on stage?
Why did you go there?
How were they abusing us?
Had she taught me?
What Had he been writing since morning?
Will you be a politician?
Should we come in the morning?
May I come in?
How shall he have been climbing on the tree?

Imperative Sentence

वैसे Sentence जिनकी सहायता से आज्ञा अनुरोध या सलाह का भाव प्रकट होता है, उसे Imperative Sentence कहते है।

नोट: Imperative Sentence में Subject ‘You’ हमेशा छिपा रहता है, तथा इन वाक्यों के अंत में Full Stop (विराम चिन्ह) “.” उपस्थित होता है।

Examples:

Get out of the room.
Please enter in room.
Do open the windows.
Kindly, open the window.
Bring a cup of coffee.
Write down in notebook.
Mind your language.
Close the notebook.
Please donate for poors.
Don't coma here again.
Make sure to take your medicine on time.
Don't make a noise.

Optative Sentence

वैसे Sentence जिनसे अभिशाप, आशीर्वाद, प्रार्थना या इच्छा का भाव व्यक्त होता है, उसे Optative Sentence कहते है।

नोट: Optative Sentence का शुरुआत May से होता है, और इन Sentence के अंत में Exclamation Mark “!” उपस्थित रहता है।

Examples:

May the Prime Minister live a long life!
May he die from cancer!
May you pass the examination!
May she love her adopted child!
May I success in my life!
May they die cause of an accident!
May he fail in the examination!
May God help you!
May her soul get peace in the Heaven!

नोट: Optative Sentence के कुछ Sentence में May छिपा रहता है, लेकिन इनसे Sentence पर कोई फर्क नहीं पड़ता है।

Examples:

God bless you. = May God bless you.
Long live our friendship. = May long live our friendship.
Long live the king. = May long live the king.
God save the king. = May God save the king.

Exclamatory Sentence

वैसे Sentence जिनसे प्रसन्नता, दुख, आश्चर्य, नफरत या परशंसा की तीव्र अभिव्यक्ति का बोध होता है, उसे Exclamatory Sentence कहते है।

नोट: Exclamatory Sentence के अभिव्यक्तियो में Exclamation के ठीक बाद Exclamation Mark “!” उपस्थित रहता है।

Examples:

What a beautiful sound!
How bright the dress is!
Well done! You have made it happen.
Alas! He is died.
Hurrah! We hav won the match.
How honest the man is!
Wow! she has arrived!
Oh! we had forgotten it.
No! It can't be.
How sad! your father is no more.
Excellent! You have done it.
Oops! I forget the phone at home.
Listen! you are the guy.

उपर्युक्त जानकारियां पढ़ने के बाद आपको Sentence के Types और Definition की सम्पूर्ण जानकारी प्राप्त हो चुकी होगी, यदि Sentence के विषय में आपके पास कोई प्रश्न है, तो आप नीचे कॉमेंट करके अवश्य पूछे।

Sentence

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